Many people notice when they brush their teeth vigorously or when they floss, their gums bleed. Although many think this is normal, it is a sign of various medical problems. Healthy gums rarely bleed.
Bleeding gums can be a symptom of gingivitis, a mild form of gum disease, or more serious gum disease known as periodontitis.
Gum disease is caused by bacteria which grow on teeth. Together with various food waste products the bacteria form plaque, a sticky film that collects on teeth, especially around the gums. This plaque irritates the gums and produces the superficial gum infection known as gingivitis. This can progress to the more serious infection of periodontitis in which chronic inflammation causes a separation of gums from teeth, leaving pockets which fill with bacteria, plaque and tartar (hardened plaque). If left, these deepen and lead to a loss of tissue and bone. Teeth become loose, move around and may fall out.
The early stages of these problems are usually quite painless, with bleeding the only clue.
If you have crooked teeth the ability to create straight looking teeth with the use of crowns and veneers is very limited. This however is often done by practitioners but at the expense of a lot of tooth structure which needs to be cut away to facilitate the desired appearance.
A better option is to spend some time to create the room to straighten these teeth and then place nice looking crowns. This will now give a nice wide smile, which is far superior.
Orthodontics is an area of dentistry that diagnoses and corrects teeth and jaw alignment problems. When teeth don’t line up properly it can cause problems such as uneven wear on teeth and an increased risk of tooth decay and gum disease. Devices such as braces and plates are used to help teeth line up correctly.
Gaps left by missing teeth eventually cause the remaining teeth to rotate or tilt into the empty spaces, resulting in a bad BITE. The imbalance caused by missing teeth can also lead to GUM DISEASE and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders.
Bridges are commonly used to replace one or more missing teeth. They span the space where the teeth are missing. Bridges are cemented to the natural teeth or implants surrounding the empty space. These teeth, called abutments, serve as anchors for the bridge. A replacement tooth, called a pontic, is attached to the crowns that cover the abutments. As with crowns, you have a choice of materials for bridges.
Dentures, also known as false teeth, are prosthetic devices constructed to replace missing teeth, and which are supported by surrounding soft and hard tissues of the oral cavity. Conventional dentures are removable, however there are many different denture designs, some which rely on bonding or clasping onto teeth or dental implants.
Dental implants are however the most recent and effective way of teeth restoration. It involves the drilling of a titanium rod to the jaw bone which is attached to an artificial tooth. This form of replacement maintains the original jaw structure of the patient and is a permanent solution.
Bad breath is a common condition caused by sulphur-producing bacteria that live within the surface of the tongue and in the throat. The treatment for halitosis will depend on the underlying cause. Smoking, dry mouth, dental infections and nasal or sinus infections can cause bad breath. Good oral hygiene, including brushing flossing and tongue cleaning, is important. Other treatments may include mouthwashes, nasal spray or antibiotics.
The features of bad breath can include:
- A white coating on the tongue especially at the back of the tongue
- Dry mouth
- Build up around teeth
- Post-nasal drip, or mucous
- Morning bad breath and a burning tongue
- Thick saliva and a constant need to clear your throat
- Constant sour, bitter metallic taste.
Adapting to wearing full dentures can be a challenge. We meet many people who struggle particularly with a lower denture that is loose and moves when they talk or eat.
Denture Stabilisation provides one of the most cost effective and simple solutions to a lower denture that moves when it shouldn’t. By placing 2 dental implants at the front of the lower jaw we can provide fixed points to ‘anchor’ your denture and stop it moving. Because full upper dentures are stabilised in the mouth by suction fewer people struggle with an upper denture that moves, but if you do battle to keep your upper denture secure it can be possible to use four to six dental implants to stabilise this denture too. In both upper and lower cases small press stud-like clips are attached to these implants and a new denture is made with attachments which then clip on to the press studs when placed in your mouth.